• After a hurricane or flood, the farm should be returned to production as soon as possible:
  • Remove zinc sheets, lumber, nails, etc., that can cause damage to animals;
  • Clean-up debris of damaged plants;
  • Salvage valuable trees or plants;
  • Dispose of dead animals immediately by composting, burial or burning;
  • Clean and repair cages, pens, houses as soon as possible and return animals.

Disease in animals may be increased after a flood:

  • Check for signs of pneumonia;
  • Check animals for distress/illness and consult a veterinarian where necessary;
  • Keep vaccinations up to date
  • Provide clean and uncontaminated water and feed;
  • Clear pasture land
  • Where necessary, spray for mosquitoes and other insect pests.

Other Measures

  • Inspect chemical stores, clean up any chemical spillage to avoid poisoning and restrict contamination of water sources;
  • Effect repairs to storehouses and other structures, if necessary;
  • Unclog drains and canals to free up the passage of water;
  • Repair drain and canal infrastructure, electrical power lines and (using a competent electrician) pumping stations, if necessary;
  • As soon as practicable, address weed control (farms tend to get overrun by weeds following a hurricane)

Fruit tree crops Make a visual assessment of the damage to estimate the cost of resetting the trees or re-establishing the orchard; Be alert and look for fallen or broken high-powered electrical wires which may still be alive and dangerous; * In cutting plants, make sharp, clean cuts at a 45-degree angle to prevent water settling on the cut surface. Use tools such as pruning saw, rolcut/secateurs or chainsaw.

Uprooted trees Cut back secondary branches towards the main stem at an acceptable inner node or branch collar; Prop up trees and cover roots with topsoil; where possible, avoid damage to the base of the trunk;

Mulch, if possible To be effective, mulch should be at least three inches thick and have a three-foot radius around the plant; Do not pile mulch against trunks, as this may cause attack by fungi and borers.

Partially toppled trees * N.B. As trees continue to develop and recover, additional pruning will be essential for proper management of new growth.

Trees with split or twisted trunks Cut below the split or twist at a node or branch collar and at a 45-degree angle; Treat remaining trunk and drench roots with systemic fungicide; * Remove all cut material from the site.

Trees with broken branches Cut back broken branches to next inner node, fork or branch collar; Paint branches exposed to sunlight for the first time with white lime to prevent sunburn. Dilute white lime with water in a 1:4 ratio. Dissolve material to be sprayed 1:1 with water and strain; * Dilute after with an equal volume of water.

Fertiliser application Fertilise tree with a complete fertiliser, 2-3 months after the hurricane. If possible, place the fertiliser in a 1-2m (3-6 ft.) circular area around the trunk of damaged trees, as this is the area where the new fibrous roots will emerge.