Kalinago Territory: One of Dominica's gifts so rich and rare; so why is it so neglected?
"We are not fully satisfied with where we are".
This is a simple but profound statement about living conditions in the Kalinago Territory, expressed by the Kalinagos themselves. It is taken from a magazine, published in 2003 by the Carib Territory Communication Group, which focuses on Kalinago artistes' concepts of life in the land of our indigenous people. We believe Dominicans should also be dissatisfied with the standard of living of the Kalinago and our government and people should pledge to correct that situation within the shortest period. We suggest that Government declares a decade of the Kalinagos during which Dominica make all efforts at reaching specific measurable goals in relation to reduction in poverty, unemployment as well as growth in education, tourism, agriculture, infrastructure, health and other social issues.
The late President Dr. N.J.O Liverpool alluded to the need for such a commitment in his address to the United Nations General Assembly seven years ago. In his speech, President Liverpool added that central to Dominica's development thrust is a particular focus on the advancement of the indigenous people. He added: "The Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica continues to undertake important initiatives to improve social development for our indigenous Kalinago people." But these were empty statements. In spite of President Liverpool's assurances, the fact is all governments, from Oliver Leblanc's to Roosevelt Skerrit's, have claimed that they have taken "important initiatives" to raise the standard of living of the Kalinago people. Yet that area remains one of the poorest in Dominica because all the so-called "important initiatives" have failed.
Former Kalinago Chief, Garnet Joseph argued a few years ago that though the Carib Territory is poor economically, the area's tourism and agricultural potential are tremendous. Nevertheless, Joseph will undoubtedly concede that the social conditions that exist in the Kalinago Territory are abominable by any standards.
For example, Government's Medium-term Growth and Social Protection Strategy, published in 2006, categorically states that the Kalinago Territory has the highest incidence of poverty in Dominica where over half of the households are poor and 35 percent are indigent. When the report was published a few years ago, the researchers found that housing conditions among the indigenous people were substantially worse than for other poor households in Dominica.
Another report, published by the Christian Children's Fund three years earlier, paints an even grimmer picture. "There has been a rapid deterioration in the standard of living among all Carib people," the CCF report categorically states. "In Dominica, in particular, the Carib Territory is one of the poorest and most neglected areas, with no running water in about 75 percent of the area, high unemployment rate, poor educational facilities and poor quality nutrition." The CCF report added that about 70 percent of the houses are in dilapidated conditions and many are "infested with rodents, bugs, cockroaches and other insects creating unhygienic conditions which contribute to serious asthma attacks and other related respiratory and health illnesses".
Additionally, Samuel Carette, the Poverty Reduction Coordinator wrote in a paper published in 2004 entitled "Disaggregating Poverty Statistics- the Promise of Poverty Maps" that "Poverty amongst the Caribs is severe-70 percent are poor and almost 50 percent are indigent."
But do not misunderstand us. We did not refer to these sordid statistics of the living conditions in the Kalinago Territory to disparage the Kalinago people. Rather our desire is to stress that the Kalinago Territory has been severely neglected by all the governments of Dominica. They have failed to translate their so-called "love" for the indigenous people into concrete programmes that would lift the Kalinagos out of their abject poverty.
Remember Prime Minister Skerrit's "love" statement for the Kalinago people that he delivered during the 2014 general election campaign? Undoubtedly, the Kalinagos wait for him to translate that love into action.
But few people will dispute the fact that the Kalinago Territory, based on its physical and cultural endowments, should be one Dominica's most prosperous communities. The potential for nature and cultural tourism is tremendous. But the Discover Dominica Authority seems handicapped and today visitors are becoming increasingly disappointed with the sights and sounds of the Kalinago Territory. Charles Williams, the current Chief, said a few years ago that there was nothing new to see in the area. There was some hope that the so-called Kalinago Cultural Village, named the Kalinago Barana Aute, would provide that that much-needed fillip to tourism in the Territory. But in spite of the fact that it took 20 years from conceptualization to construction, on completion the project has not lived up to expectations.
Given the fact that the Kalinagos live on 2700 acres of the most fertile lands in Dominica one would expect the area to be the food basket of not only Dominica but the rest of the Caribbean as well. When banana was green gold and the Dominica Coconut Products Company bought copra by the hundreds of tons, the Kalinago people had the potential to feed, clothe and house themselves. But with the demise of the banana industry and the slow decline of coconuts by diseases and foreign competition, the Kalinago territory is in deeper trouble.
We believe that now is the time for atonement. The government and people of Dominica may wish to follow the example of Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd who, in 2008, issued a national apology to the Aborigines for injustices over two centuries.
The Skerrit administration must do likewise. And follow that up with a comprehensive plan to transform the Kalinago Territory within the next ten years.